Before you choose a web app framework to apply, you need to take multiple factors into consideration, the requirements of your project, for instance, or the strengths and weaknesses of the framework.
You can not start working on the project without a preliminary research to choose that very technology, which will meet your needs. To facilitate your choice, we created this guide, you can use it as a reference source while choosing the best matching framework.
The advantages of the frameworks
The main advantage of using a web application development framework is the fact that it provides immediate reaction to the user interacting with your site right at the moment.
The basic content of the traditional sites without frameworks is stored on the server and any new content, which is necessary to be upload requires page reload. When frameworks are used, only the necessary blocks of a website are reloaded.
Such an approach is used by social media sites, Facebook, for example. If you switch from the page «News» to «Messages», page reload does not happen, only several site sections change.
Below you can find some of the most advantageous benefits of the frameworks’ usage:
- Efficiency. The usage of the pre-created functions and templates allows to carry out the projects more effectively. The developers have to write less code, which results in delivering projects meeting higher standards and more quickly.
Most used and popular frameworks
As a consequence of classical JS complexity, hundreds of the frameworks have appeared in the market, but the solid leadership in the software development market belongs to these three: Angular, React and Vue.
We’ll speak about them further on.
Angular — is a cross-platform framework, which keeps to the MVC architectural pattern and supports a weak link between the display, data, and logic of the components (integral parts of the apps). Angular shifts a certain part of server services to the client side and consequently the server workload decreases and the web application becomes lighter.
Due to TypeScript the project code becomes clear, convenient for developers’ understanding and contains fewer errors. Angular strong points are remarkable documentation and references, Google company support and a great set of development tools and components (Material UI, CLI, etc.)
Another drawback of the Angular framework is the frequent release on the new versions, In June 2019 angular latest version, the 8th one, was already released. This fact also means that it is difficult to support.
React is still being developed and supported by Facebook and Instagram. It can be used not only for browser-based web-apps but also for mobile apps. The aim of the framework is to provide high speed, simplicity, and operability of the apps on various platforms.
However, React — is not a full-fledged framework, but a function library. To use it as a framework, other third-party libraries should be attached.
React strengths are speed, lightweightness, cross-platform format, and big community.
The weakness is the necessity to use third-party libraries for complete work, which complicates the development process. Another drawback of the library is that it does not follow the standards in HTML or CSS code creation as Angular and Vue.js do.
Vue — is a progressive framework for user interfaces creation. Vue was made fit for gradual implementation, unlike Angular or React.
It means that one can implement this framework gradually starting from certain pages, which makes the development much easier.
The Vue.js creator is Evan You and the framework is widely used in Chinese companies: for instance, Alibaba, Baidu, Xiaomi and others. Not so long ago the repository management system GitLab also switched to Vue.js.
Vue deals with presentation layer tasks (view) in the first turn, it simplifies the integration with other libraries and existing projects.
Vue coopted the best features of Angular and React — the speed and lightweightness and the possibility to support such technologies as TypeScript and JSX. However, along with this, the Vue frame remained true to the principles of HTML and CSS code writing. It facilitates quick web application development and makes the processes of project development and support easier.
Thus, for any developer, who knows the basics of the front-end technologies will not be a problem to develop or support the projects on Vue.
At present, a small community can be called a weak point of the framework as no big corporations support it. Nevertheless, the popularity of the framework grows every year.
What to choose?
Every project is unique in its own way and detailed analysis and evaluation are necessary before the start.
However, there are certain key aspects, which help to choose a particular technology for development:
Speed and simplicity of the project development and support
The speed of development depends on the technologies, already used in your projects. In case Typescript or JSC have already been applied then you need Angular or React correspondingly.
But in case you start the project from scratch, it’s better to choose Vue.js due to its compliance with standards.
All three frameworks are popular and will keep the leadership in the modern development market in the nearest years. It will not be a mistake to choose any of them. However, Vue is vigorously gaining popularity, followed by React. Below you can find the chart of the frameworks’ popularity on Github according to the number of likes in the past several years:
Mobility and scalability
One more important aspect to consider is the frequency of Frameworks update. Angular has serious updates issued every 6 months, React — less frequently, approximately once a year. Vue is more stable in this sense and has serious updates once in several years.
Final Word from Stfalcon
Taking all the above-mentioned factors into consideration, our company prefers to use Vue.js for speedy and qualitative development. In such a case your apps will be quick in work, simple to support and most friendly to the implementation of the new features further on.
Originally published in Stfalcon.com.